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Bible Studies on Doctrine of the Church

“Christ loved the church and gave himself for it” (Ephesians 5.25).

This website is dedicated to Him who is altogether lovely, the Lord Jesus Christ. To understand a little how lovely He is, click here to go to The Loveliness of Jesus.

The Bible doctrine of the church is very important. Believers can know this for at least several reasons which include:

  • The New Testament deals extensively with the history, doctrine, organization, etc. of the institution of the church, which, until the Marriage of the Lamb, is made up of local assemblies of believers.

  • The institution of the church was very important to Christ. Christ “loved the church and gave himself for it; That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word” (Ep. 5.25-26).

  • “But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth” (1 Ti. 3.15).

  • “And hath put all things under his (Jesus’) feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all” (Ep. 1:22-23).

  • “And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence” (Co. 1.18).

A church has a love relationship with Christ. That relationship, as Christ wants it to be, is beautifully described in Song of Solomon. Therefore, This study starts with Song of Solomon: Click the following to go to “Study from Song of Solomon”:

The Love Relationship between Christ and His Churches as Depicted in Song of Solomon

The lessons below teach the Bible principles, guidelines, organization, purpose, makeup, etc. of a church – in other words, what God desires a church to strive to be. Few churches strive to please God in these matters. Few churches and believers know New Testament Church doctrine. These studies will be added to until finished.

Study from Song of Solomon (which is also linked to above): The Love Relationship between Christ and His Churches as Depicted in Song of Solomon

Study from 1 Thessalonians: Paul writes to an exemplary church. Paul presents the second coming of Christ in relationship to believers as a comfort, and this forms the theme of the epistle.

Study from 2 Thessalonians: Paul writes the church of Thessalonica again to answer the question of whether Christ has already come and when the Rapture and day of the Lord will occur.


In 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus belong together. They are called the Pastoral Epistles. In these epistles, Paul deals with (1) the creed of a church which is within a church and (2) the conduct of church members which is on the outside of a church. For the church within, the worship must be right. For the church outside, good works must be manifested. Worship is inside; works are outside. Click the following links to go to the studies:

Study of 1 Timothy: In 1 Timothy, chapter 1 deals with faith, the faith of a church, its doctrine. Chapter 2 is the order of a church. Chapter 3 concerns the officers of a church. Chapter 4 describes the coming apostasy. Chapters 5 and 6 tell of the duties of the officers.

Study of 2 Timothy: The solution of man’s problems can come only through the grace of God. We need to recognize that God creates out of nothing. Until a man is nothing, God can make nothing of him. The grace fo God through Jesus Christ is the way to transform and save mankind. That is what 2 Timothy teaches, and that is why it is important to study 2 Timothy.

Study of Titus: In chapter 1, Paul says that a church is to be an orderly organization (Titus 1.5). In chapter 2, he emphasizes that a church is to teach and preach the Word of God. “But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine” (Titus 2:1). He says that a church must be doctrinally sound in the faith. In chapter 3 we see that a church is to perform good works. ”Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work” (Titus 3:1).  In other words, a church is saved by grace, is to live by grace, and is to demonstrate her faith to the world by her good works. Until a church has all aspects that Paul has outlined, it has no claim to be called “a New Testamentd church.


Four men left Rome in A.D. 62 bound for Turkey. These men had four of the most sublime compositions of the Christian faith. When these men bade farewell to the Apostle Paul, each was given an epistle to bear to his particular constituency. These four letters are in the Word of God, and they are designated the “Prison Epistles of Paul,” since he wrote them while he was imprisoned in Rome. He was awaiting a hearing before Caesar Nero. The four men and their respective places of abode were: (1) Epaphroditus from Philippi who had the Epistle to the Philippinans (Philippians 4.18). (2) Tychicus from Ephesus who had the Epistle to the Ephesians (Ephesians 6.21). (3) Epaphras from Colosse who had the Epistile to the Colossians (Colossians 4.12). (4) Onesimus, a runaway slave from Colosse) who had the Epistle to Philemon, his master (Philemon 10). These epistles present a composite picture of Christ, the church, the Christian life, and the interrelationship and functioning of all. These different facets present the Chritian life on the highest plane.

Ephesians presents the institution of the church, made up of local autonomous spiritual bodies. The epistle is about the body of believers in a New Testament church, of which Christ is the head. Lessons on Ephesians are  linked to below. Click here to go to the study of Ephesians.

Colossians directs our attention to the head of the body who is Christ. The body itself is secondary. Christ is the theme. He is the center of the circle around which all Christian living revolves. Christ is the fulness of God. The study of Colossians will be compiled and added later.

Philippians shows a church walking down here. Christian living is the theme; it is the periphery of the circle of which Christ is the center. Philippians presents Christian living with Christ as the dynamic. “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me” (Philippians 4.13). Lessons on Philippians are  linked to below. The actual study with comments and notes will be added later.

Philemon gives us Christianity in action. We would say it is where the rubber meets the road, or in that day it was where the sandals touched the Roman road. It demonstrates Christianity worked out in a pagan society. Click here to go to the study of Philemon.


The following studies test you knowledge by asking questions with answers following. I suggest that you read the material first and then try to answer the questions. Again, the answers follow. After those come studies which do not include questions. Those studies, for example, outline the book being studied and then comment on the teachings in the book, verse by verse. God bless you and you grown in the knowledge of the church! Christ loved the church and gave Himself for it!

What about the relationship of the church you belong to? Does your church have another lover, for example. It has if it has obtained corporate 501c3 or 508 status. 

Click the following links to go to:

Lesson 1: Introductory Questions (9 introductory questions)

14 lessons on Ephesians – The Local Church Is a Body:

Lesson 1: A Church Is a Spiritual Body – Ephesians 1 (38 questions on Ephesians 1)
Lesson 2: The Work of the Son of God on Behalf of the Church -Ephesians 1.7-12 (9 questions based on Ephesians 1.7-12 with answers)
Lesson 3: Work of the Holy Spirit in Protecting the Church – Ephesians 1.13-14 (14 questions based on Ephesians 1.13-14 with answers)
Lesson 4: 
The Church Is a Temple and the Method and Materials of Construction – Ephesians 2 (16 questions with answers based on Ephesians 2)
Lesson 5: The Church Is a Mystery (9 questions with answers based on Ephesians 3)
Lesson 6: 
Introduction to The Church Is a New Man and Must Walk as a New Man – Ephesians 4 (13 questions with answers)
Lesson 7: 
The Church Is a New Man: The Exhibition and Inhibition of the New Man – Ephesians 4.1-16 (17 questions with answers following)
Lesson 8: The Prohibition of the New Man – Ephesians 4.17-32 (20 questions with answers following)
Lesson 9: The Church Will Be a Bride: The Engagement of the Church – Ephesians 5.1-17 (13 questions with answers following)
Lesson 10: The Church Will Be a Bride:The Experience of the Church – Ephesians 5.18-24 (15 questions with Answers following)
Lesson 11: 
The Church Will Be a Bride: The Expectation of the Church Ephesians 5.25-33 (16 questions from with answers following)
Lesson 12: The Church Is To Be a Good Soldier of Jesus Christ: The Soldier’s Relationships – Ephesians 6.1-9 (14 questions from with answers following)
Lesson 13: 
The Church Is To Be a Good Soldier of Jesus Christ: The Soldier’s Enemy – Ephesians 6.10-12 (16 questions with answers following)
Lesson 14: 
The Church Is To Be a Good Soldier of Jesus Christ: The Soldier’s Protection and Example – Ephesians 6.10-24 (15 questions with answers following)

Lessons on Colossians – Christ is the Head of the Local Church

Lesson 1: Introduction and Paul’s Prayer – Colossians 1.1-14 (14 questions with answers following).
Lesson 2: 
Person of Christ and Objective Work of Christ for Sinners – Colossians 1.15-23 (10 questions with answers following)
Lesson 3: Subjective Work of Christ for Saints – Colossians 1.24-29 (12 questions with answers following)
Lesson 4: 
Christ the Answer to Philosophy (For the Head) – Colossians 2.1-2.15 (19 questions with answers following)
Lesson 5: Christ the Answer to 
Ritual (For the Heart) – Colossians 2.16-23; Christ, the fullness of God, poured out in life through believers, Chapters 3 and 4 : Colossians 3.1-4: Thoughts and Affections of Believers are Heavenly (18 questions with answers)
Lesson 6: Christ, the fullness of God, poured out in life through believers, Chapters 3 and 4. Living of Believers is Holy – Colossians 3.5-4.6 Fellowship of Believers Is Hearty – Colossians 4.7-18 (26 questions with answers following)

Before anyone can be a genuine member of a New Testament church, he must be saved. Learn how to be saved by clicking here.

For more teaching on the doctrine of the church, click here.

Should you disagree with an answer given, please explain why you disagree in the comment section below the article. The purpose of this website is the Glory of God. God cannot be glorified by shutting out honest disagreement in the search for truth. The author would be interested in your explanation. The comments are required by the website to be approved or disapproved. The author is very busy with many matters and may or may not immediately notice your comment. He will address it as soon as he notices it. He almost always approves comments presented with a godly spirit. He never alters comments. Sometimes, he replies to comments.


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