Separation of Church and State Law

The holy sacrifice, offerings

N1 to Le. 1:3 p126. “If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.” “The burnt-offering (1) typifies Christ offering Himself without spot to God in delight to do His Father’s will even in death. (2) it is atoning because the believer has not had this delight in the will of God; and (3) substitutionary (Le 1:4) because Christ did it in the sinner’s stead. But the thought of penalty is not prominent. Heb 9:11-14; 10:5-7; Ps 40:6-8; Php 2:8. The emphatic words Le 1:3-5 are “burnt-sacrifice,” “voluntary,” “it shall be accepted for him,” and “atonement.” The creatures acceptable for sacrifice are five: (1) The bullock, or ox, typifies Christ as the patient and enduring Servant 1Co 9:9-10; Heb 12:2-3 “obedient unto death” Isa 52:13-15; Php 2:5-8. His offering in this character is substitutionary, for this we have not been. (2) The sheep, or lamb, typifies Christ in unresisting self-surrender to the death of the cross Isa 53:7; Ac 8:32-35. (3) The goat typifies the sinner Mt 25:33 and, when used sacrificially, Christ, as “numbered with the transgressors” Isa 53:12; Lu 23:33 and “made sin,” and “a curse” Ga 3:13; 2Co 5:21 as the sinner’s substitute. (4,5) The turtle-dove or pigeon. Naturally a symbol of mourning innocency Isa 38:14; 59:11; Mt 23:37; Heb 7:26 is associated with poverty in Le 5:7 and speaks of Him who for our sakes become poor Lu 9:58 and whose pathway of poverty which began with laying aside “the form of God,” ended in the sacrifice through which we became rich 2Co 8:9; Php 2:6-8. The sacrifice of the poor Man becomes the poor man’s sacrifice. Lu 2:24. These grades of typical sacrifice test the measure of our apprehension of the varied aspects of Christ’s one sacrifice on the cross. The mature believer should see Christ crucified in all these aspects. <”

N2 to Le. 1:4 p126. “And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.” “The laying of the offerer’s hand signified acceptance and identification if himself with his offering. In type it answered to the believer’s faith accepting and identifying himself with Christ Ro 4:5; 6:3-11. The believer is justified by faith, and his faith is reckoned for righteousness, because his faith identifies him with Christ, who died as his sin-offering 2Co 5:21; 1Pe 2:24. Margin: atonement Cmt. on Ex 29:33.”

N2 to Le. 1:9 p127: “But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.” “The sweet savour offerings are so called because they typify Christ in His own perfections, and in His affectionate devotion to the Father’s will. The non-sweet savour offerings typify Christ as bearing the whole demerit of the sinner. Both are substantial. In our place Christ, in the burnt-offering, makes good our lack of devotedness, and, in the sin- and trespass-offerings, suffers because of our disobediences.”

N3 to Le. 2.1 p127. “And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:” “The meal-offering. The fine flour speaks of the evenness and balance of the character of Christ; of that perfection in which no quality was in excess, none lacking; the fire, of His testing by suffering, even unto death; frankincense; the fragrance of His life Godward (see) Ex 30:34 absence of leaven, His character as “the Truth” (see) Ex 12:8 absence of honey;–His was not that mere natural sweetness which may exist quite apart from grace; oil mingled, Christ as born of the Spirit Mt 1:18-23 oil upon, Christ as baptized with the Spirit Joh 1:32; 6:27 the oven, the unseen sufferings of Christ–His inner agonies Heb 2:18; Mt 27:45-46 the pan, His more evident sufferings (e.g.) Mt 27:27-31 salt, the pungency of the truth of God–that which arrests the action of leaven.”

Salt to be offered with all offerings. Le. 2:13.

N4 to Le. 3:1 p128. “Leviticus 3:1  And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD.” “The peace-offering. The whole work of Christ in relation to the believer’s peace is here in type. He made peace, Col 1:20 proclaimed peace, Eph 2:17 and is our peace, Eph 2:14. In Christ God and the sinner meet in peace; God is propitiated, the sinner reconciled–both alike satisfied with what Christ has done. But all this at the cost of blood and fire. The details speak of fellowship. This brings in prominently the thought of fellowship with God through Christ. Hence the peace-offering is set forth as affording food for the priests Y+3″>Le 7:31-34. Observe that it is the breast (affections) and shoulders (strength) upon which we as priests 1Pe 2:9 feed in fellowship with the Father. This it is which makes the peace-offering especially a thank-offering. E+1″>Le 7:11-12.”

N1 to Le, 4:3, p129. “If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering.” “The sin-offering, though still Christ, is Christ seen laden with the believer’s sin, absolutely in the sinner’s place and stead, and not, as in the sweet savour offerings, in His own perfections. It is Christ’s death as viewed in Isa 53:1-12; Ps 22:1-31; Mt 26:28; 1Pe 2:24; 3:18. But note 4+6″>Le 6:24-30 how the essential holiness of Him who was “made sin for us” 2Co 5:21; Isa 1:1-66:24. The sin-offerings are expiatory, substitutional, efficacious Le 4:12,29,35 and have in view the vindication of the law through substitutional sacrifice.”

N1 to Le. 5.6 p131. “And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.” “The trespass-offerings have in view rather the injury which sin does than its guilt— which is the sin-offering aspect. What is due to God’s rights in every human being is here meant. Ps 51:4, is a perfect expression of this.”

N1 to Le. 6:13, p133. “The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.” “Cmt. on Le 1:8. Here the fire expresses also the undying devotedness of Christ.”

N1 to Le. 7:11 p134. “And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he shall offer unto the LORD.” “In the “law of the offerings,” the peace-offering is taken out of its place as third of the sweet savour offerings, and placed alone, and after all the non-sweet savour offerings. The explanation is as simple as the fact is beautiful. In revealing the offerings Jehovah works from Himself out to the sinner. Cmt. on Ex 25:10. The whole burnt-offering comes first as meeting what is due to the divine affections, and the trespass-offering last as meeting the simplest aspect of sin– its injuriousness. But the sinner begins of necessity with that which lies nearest to a newly awakened conscience–a sense, namely, that because of sin he is at enmity with God. His first need, therefore, is peace with God. And that is precisely the Gospel order. Christ’s first message is, “Peace” Joh 20:19 afterward He shows them His hands and His side. It is the order as 2Co 5:18-21 first “the word of reconciliation,” M”>Le 7:19, then the trespass- and sin-offering, O”>Le 7:21. Experience thus reverses the order of revelation.

N1 to LE. 8;12 p136. “And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron’s head, and anointed him, to sanctify him.” “Two important distinctions are made in the case of the high priest, thus confirming his typical relation to Christ the anti-type: (1) Aaron is anointed before the sacrifices are slain, while in the case of the priests the application of blood precedes the anointing. Christ the sinless One required no preparation for receiving the anointing oil, symbol of the Holy Spirit; (2) upon the high priest only was the anointing oil poured. “God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him” Joh 3:34. “Thy God hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows.” Heb 1:9.”


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